The Republic of Korea (ROK) or South Korea today is a vibrant democracy, a republic with powers shared between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary.South Korea’s transition to democracy in 1987 has been described as a long journey through periods of authoritarian rule.” Respondents are asked to answer on a scale of 1 (“not at all important”) to 10 (“absolutely important”). | What better time than now to consider popular support for South Korea’s young democracy?The graph shows the percentage of those who answered only 10, meaning they believe it is “essential” to live in a democracy.[The graph] plots the percentage of people who answer 10, and it treats everyone else the same. The president, Park Geun-hye, is mired in a corruption scandal involving a close family friend and several of her former aides.To highlight the point, the produced a graph showing support for democracy in five Western states (Sweden, Australia, Netherlands, United States, New Zealand, and Britain) based on the dataset used by Foa and Mounk and guided by the author’s operationalization of “support for democracy.” The data show answers to a question in the fifth wave of the World Values Survey (WVS), which ran between the years 20.
The Park regime’s maintenance of the cozy tripartite relationships among government, banks, and big businesses has been seen as partly responsible for the 1997 South Korean currency crisis.To understand the politics of South Korea, it is helpful to keep in mind the following four themes: (1) the question of unification with North Korea, (2) rapid economic development, (3) democratization, and (4) the alliance with the United States.Since the establishment of the Republic of Korea in 1948, how South Koreans view North Korea has been a big factor in South Korean politics.After a drawn-out scandal and months of mass protests, the country’s president has been ousted.
Setting aside rising concerns about the dire state of liberal politics across the world, this appears to be good news for democracy.
Then opportunities and constraints that Korean democracy has been facing.